Animal Care Open Comments

FARM Animal Care Version 4.0 Recommended Standards Open Commenting Period

The FARM Animal Care Program standards are revised every three years to reflect the most current science and best management practices within the dairy industry. The current standards, rationale, and accountability measures have been reviewed and revised by the FARM Technical Writing Group and National Milk Producers Federation Animal Health and Well-Being Committee. They have proposed the following items for consideration with an open public comment period on the 4th version of FARM Animal Care.

The public comment period will be open from Monday, February 25th through Sunday, March 31st.

Below you will find outlined:

  1. Draft animal care standards for Version 4.0 of FARM Animal Care
  2. Rationale for standards
  3. Draft accountability measures if specific standards are not being met on-farm
    1. Immediate Actions: Critical priority standards; Required to be resolved immediately; if definition of neglect or willful mistreatment is met, the FARM Willful Mistreatment Protocol will be initiated
    2. Mandatory Corrective Action Plans: Primary priority level standards; Required to be resolved in 9 months or less
    3. Continuous Improvement Plans: Secondary priority level standards; Required to show improvement towards standards within 3-year timeframe or less

These standards have been proposed for FARM Animal Care Version 4.0. Currently, FARM is operating under Version 3.0 which remain in effect until they are replaced by action of the NMPF Board of Directors (“Board”). Proposed standards for Version 4.0 will be presented to the Board for its consideration and approval at its meeting in June 2019, and FARM will not operate under Version 4.0 until January 1, 2020 and approved by the Board.

Please review the standards outlined in the charts and accompanying PDFs below. To submit constructive commentary related to the draft standards, rationale, and accountability measures, fill out the boxes or upload attachments at the bottom of this pages

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Comments are accepted until March 31st.
Please provide your comments below or attach them below.






Standard Rationale for Standard Corrective Actions
All individuals with animal care responsibilities are trained annually in proper stockmanship. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Employees changed to individuals with animal care responsibilities to capture all individuals interacting with animals have been trained or sought continuing education. MCAP-Employees; CIP-Family
All individuals with animal care responsibilities sign a cow care agreement annually. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Employees changed to individuals with animal care responsibilities all individuals interacting with animals have documented and demonstratable agreement to animal care principles. MCAP-Employees; CIP-Family

Veterinarian Review
Standard Rationale for Standard Corrective Actions
The written herd health plan is reviewed annually by the Veterinarian of Record. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Veterinarian of Record review of the herd health plan demonstrates active Veterinarian Client Patient Relationship and participation in herd health. MCAP
All written protocols are translated into languages understood by individuals with animal care responsibilities. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Ensures consistent training to the protocol that protocols can be understood by diverse workforce. None
The facility has a written Veterinarian Client Patient Relationship (VCPR) that is signed by the farm owner and Veterinarian of Record annually. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Demonstrates active Veterinarian Client Patient Relationship and participation in herd health and antibiotic stewardship. MCAP

Facility Management
Standard Rationale for Standard Corrective Actions
All age classes of animals have access to clean, fresh water. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Water is required to maintain animal health and care. Willful Mistreatment Protocol
All age classses of animals have access to sufficient quantities of feed for health, growth and maintenance. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Feed access is required to maintain animal health and care. Willful Mistreatment Protocol
All age classes of animals are protected from heat and cold. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Protection from heat and cold is required to maintain animal health and care. None
All age classes of animals have housing that allows for the ability to easily stand up, lie down, adopt normal resting postures and have visual contact with other cattle without risk of injury. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Freedom of movement is required for animal comfort that enhances animal health and care. None
All age classes of animals have a resting area that is soft, dry and provides traction at all times when away from the milking facility. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Soft and dry resting area is required for animal comfort that enahnces health and care. Traction allows for ability to rise and lie down from resting area with ease. None
Facilities are designed to prevent injuries, slips and falls of animals. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Clarified to focus just on facility management. Prevention of injuries, slips and falls essential for animal care. None
Facilities are designed to prevent unnecessary contact with electrical currents. New proposed standard. Fencing, crowd gates, trainers, prod usage and other areas on the dairy where electrical current present to be properly managed and maintained. None
Facilities are designed to have adequate lighting for animal observation and individuals with animal care responsiblities safety. New proposed standard. Interest in specific standard related to lighting necessary to maintain ISO certification. None
Facilities are designed to provide proper ventilation in all housing facilities that reduces odors, dust and/or noxious gas. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Clarified for intent of focus on air quality and ventilation for the enhancement of animal health and health and safety of individuals with animal care responsibilities. Also necessary to maintain ISO certification. None
Facilities are designed to have a location to segregate weak, sick or injured animals. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. A location to segregate weak, sick and injured animals is a best practice for the management of these animals to ensure specialized attention and care. None
The location for weak, sick or injured animals provides animals with: feed, water, protection from heat and cold, isolation from other ambulatory animals and protection from predators. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Providing these items within the location for sick, weak and injured animals is in best practice to ensure top care for rehabilitation. None
Facilities are designed to have a calving area that is clean, soft, dry, well-lit and well-ventilated. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. The calving area should have all of these attributes to enhance cow and calf comfort and health. None
The written herd health plan includes a written protocol for parasite control. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. A written protocol for parasite control ensures consistent training to and implementation of the protocol and enhanced animal health. None
The written herd health plan includes a written protocol for fly control. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. A written protocol for fly control ensures consistent training to and implementation of the protocol and enhanced animal health. None
The facility has a written protocol for biosecurity. New proposed standard. Interest in gathering data to determine facilities that have a formalized biosecurity plan for a current status of the industry. None
The facility has names, telephone numbers and the site address posted in a prominent location, in the languages understood by individuals with animal care responsibilities, for emergency preparedness. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. In emergency situations, having emergency contacts posted for all individuals with animal care responsibilities to easily access enhances reponse time None
The facility has a written Emergency Action/Crisis Plan. New proposed standard. Interest in gathering data to determine facilities that have a formalized Emergency Action/Crisis Plan for a current status of the industry. Also necessary to maintain ISO certification. None

Animal Management
Standard Rationale for Standard Corrective Actions
Each animal is permanently identified. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Permanent animal identification is necessary for traceability and herd health purposes. None
The facility has a written protocol for milking procedures. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. A written protocol for milking procedure ensures consistent training to and implementation of the protocol and enhanced milk quality. None
Individuals with milking responsibilities have been trained annually on the milking procedure. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Training individuals with milking responsibility to a written protocol for milking procedure ensures consistent training to and implementation of the protocol and enhanced milk quality. None
The written herd health plan includes written protocols for vaccinations that specify: age(s) when vaccination given; vaccination class; product used; dosage administered; route of administration; withdrawal times Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. A written protocol for vaccinations ensures consistent vaccination protocol implementation and enhanced animal health. None
The written herd health plan includes a written protocol for dystocia. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. A written protocol for dystocia ensures consistent training to and implementation of the protocol and enhanced care of cow and calf in difficult calving situation. None
The written herd health plan includes a written protocol for lameness prevention and treatment. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. A written protocol for lameness prevention and treatment ensures consistent training to and implementation of the protocol and enhanced animal health and mobility. None
The written herd health plan includes a written protocol for treatment of the following common diseases: mastitis, metritis, metabolic diseases (milk fever, ketosis, DA), pneumonia, diarrhea and any additional diseases identified by the veterinarian Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. A written protocol for the treatment of diseases outlined ensures consistent training to the protocol and enhanced animal health. None
The facility complies with the ban on routine tail docking. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions.There is no scientific evidence to support the practice of tail docking. Immediate
All age classes of animals have a method of daily exercise, weather permitting. Reintroduction of a previous standard from previous version. Freedom of movement is required for animal comfort that enhances health and care. None

Animal Observation
Standard Rationale for Standard Corrective Actions
99% or more of all age classes of animals have a body condition score of 2 or greater on FARM Body Condition Scorecard. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Body condition score is key welfare indicator and demonstrates animals are provided nutritional requirements CIP
95% or more of all age classes of animals do not have broken tails. New proposed standard. Broken tails are key sign of poor stockmanship. With this standard, will assist further identifying potential stockmanship areas for improvement CIP
90% or more of all age classes of animals score 2 or less on FARM Hygiene Scorecard Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Hygiene score is key welfare indicator and demonstrates animals are provided dry resting area and sound facility management. None
95% or more of the lactating and dry dairy herd score 2 or less on the FARM Hock/Knee Scorecard. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Hock and Knee score is key welfare indicator and demonstrates animals are provided soft resting area. CIP
95% or more of the lactating and dry dairy herd score 2 or less on the FARM Locomotion Scorecard. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Locomotion score is key welfare indicator and demonstrates lameness is managed effectively. CIP

Animal Management | Antibiotic Stewardship
Standard Rationale for Standard Corrective Actions
The facility has permanent, written drug treatment records for the treatment of the facility's common diseases that include: Date of treatment, animal treated identification, name of drug used for treatment, disease/condition being treated, dosage administered, route of administration, frequency of treatment, duration of the treatment, specified withdrawal times for milk and meat to ensure food safety Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Maintaining permanent, written drug treatment records are required by the FDA and ensure enhanced animal health. CIP
The facility's permanent, written drug treatment records are reviewed by the Veterinarian of Record annually. New proposed standard. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Veterinarian of Record review of the drug treatment records demonstrates active Veterinarian Client Patient Relationship and participation in treatment plans for herd health. CIP
The facility has a written protocol for culling animals that includes the definition of animals that are eligible to be marketed related to fitness to transport and adherance to milk and meat withdrawal times. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. A written protocol for culling ensures consistent training to and implementation of the protocol and enhanced fitness of animals being culled and potential further reduction of milk and meat residue prevalence. None
Individuals with culling responsibilities have been trained annually on written protocol for culling. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Training individuals with culling responsibilities to a written protocol for culling ensures consistent training to and implementation of the protocol and enhanced milk fitness of animals being culled and potential further reduction of milk and meat residue prevalence. MCAP-Employees; CIP-Family
The facility has a written protocol for transporting animals. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. A written protocol for transportation ensures consistent training to and implementation of the protocol and enhanced animal care during transport. None
Individuals with transportation responsibilities have been trained annually on written protocol for transportation. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Training individuals with transportation responsibilities to a written protocol for transportation ensures consistent training to and implementation of the protocol and enhanced animal care during transport. None
The facility adheres to all withdrawal times for milk. All milk samples have tested negative for antibiotics in the last three years. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Adhering to milk withdrawal times ensures milk safety. None
The facility adheres to all withdrawal times for meat. All meat tissues from animals sent for meat production have tested negative for violative residues in the last three years. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Adhering to meat withdrawal times ensures meat safety. None

Standard Rationale for Standard Corrective Actions
All calves are moved from the maternity area by lifting, walking or the use of clean, properly designed mechanical transport devices. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Proper movement of calves ensures animal care and health. None
All calves (heifers and bulls) receive volume and quality of colostrum or colostrum replacer within 12 hours after birth, even if immediately transported off of the farm. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Providing colostrum/colostrum replacer ensures animal health. None
All calves (heifers and bulls) have access to clean, fresh water Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Water is required to maintain animal health and care. None
All calves (heifers and bulls) receive a volume and quality of milk or milk replacer to maintain health, growth and vigor until weaned or marketed Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Sufficient volume and quality of milk or milk replacer is required to maintain animal health and care. None
All calves (heifers and bulls) are offered fresh, palatable starter feed to maintain health, growth and vigor Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Water is required to maintain animal health and care. None
All calves are disbudded before 8 weeks of age Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Robust scientific body of work supporting disbudding before 8 weeks of age to minimize pain associated with practice. MCAP
Pain mitigation for disbudding is provided in accordance to the signed protocol by the Veterinarian of Record Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Robust scientific body of work supporting pain mitigation to minimize pain associated with disbudding. Due to extra label nature of pain mitgation in US, herd veterinarian perscription is necessary. Interest in gathering data to determine prevalence of use in today's industry. None
Pain mitigation for castration is provided in accordance to the signed protocol by the Veterinarian of Record Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Science supports pain mitigation to minimize pain associated with castration. Due to extra label nature of pain mitgation in US, herd veterinarian perscription is necessary. Interest in gathering data to determine prevalence of use in today's industry. None
Pain mitigation for branding is provided in accordance to the signed protocol by the Veterinarian of Record Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Science supports pain mitigation to minimize pain associated with branding. Due to extra label nature of pain mitgation in US, herd veterinarian perscription is necessary. Interest in gathering data to determine prevalence of use in today's industry. None
Pain mitigation for teat removal is provided in accordance to the signed protocol by the Veterinarian of Record Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Science supports pain mitigation to minimize pain associated with branding. Due to extra label nature of pain mitgation in US, herd veterinarian perscription is necessary. Interest in gathering data to determine prevalence of use in today's industry. None
The written herd health plan has a written protocol for calf care that includes language specific to areas of newborn and milk-fed dairy calf management: (1) calves (heifers and bulls) receive a volume and quality of colostrum or colostrum replacer within 12 hours after birth, even if immediately transported off of the farm
(2) calves (heifers and bulls) receive a volume and quality of milk or milk replacer to maintain health, growth and vigor until weaned or marketed (3) calves (heifers and bulls) have access to clean, fresh water (4) calves (heifers and bulls) offered fresh, palatable starter feed to maintain health, growth and vigor (5) calves disbudded before 8 weeks of age (6) language specific to pain mitigation provided for disbudding (7) language specific to pain mitigation provided for castration (8) language specific to pain mitigation provided for branding (9) language specific to pain mitigation provided for teat removal
Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. A written protocol for calf care management ensures consistent training to the protocol and enhanced animal health and care and provides opportunity for specific sign off of veterinarian of record for extra label drug use if pain mitigation is perscribed. CIP (all components need to be present within protocol)
Individuals with newborn and milk-fed dairy calf management responsibilities have been trained annually on written protocol for newborn and milk-fed dairy calves. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Training individuals with calf care responsibilities to a written protocol for calf care management ensures consistent training to and implementation of the protocol and enhanced animal care. MCAP-Employees; CIP-Family

Non-Ambulatory Animals
Standard Rationale for Standard Corrective Actions
Non-ambulatory animals are moved using proper methods including the use of special equipment. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Proper movement of non-ambulatory animals ensures enhanced animal care and health for compromised animals. MCAP
Non-ambulatory animals are provided prompt medical care. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Prompt medical care of non-ambulatory animals enhances likelihood of rehabilitation of non-ambulatory animals MCAP
Non-ambulatory animals are provided access to feed, water, protection from heat and cold, isolation from other ambulatory animals and protection from predators. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Providing these items to non-ambulatory animals is in best practice to ensure top care for rehabilitation. MCAP
Criteria are established for immediate action and a timely decision to euthanize non-ambulatory animals. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Having established criteria for immediate action and timely decision to euthanize makes difficult decisions more objective and minmizes the likelihood of suffering of animals unlikely to rehabilitate. MCAP
The written herd health plan has a written protocol for non-ambulatory animal management that includes language specific to areas of non-ambulatory animal management: (1) language specific to husbandry for non-ambulatory animals that provides prompt medical care? (2) language specific to husbandry for non-ambulatory animals that provides prompt medical care, feed, water, protection from heat and cold, isolation from other ambulatory animals, and protection from predators?
(3) language specific to criteria established for immediate action and a timely decision to euthanize?
Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. A written protocol for non-ambulatory animal management ensures consistent training to and implementation of the protocol and enhanced animal care. MCAP (all components need to be present within protocol)
Individuals with non-ambulatory animal management responsibilities have been trained annually on written protocol for non-ambulatory animal management. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Training individuals with non-ambulatory animal responsibilities to a written protocol for non-ambulatory animal management ensures consistent training to and implementation of the protocol and enhanced animal care. MCAP-Employees; CIP-Family

Standard Rationale for Standard Corrective Actions
Euthanasia techniques follow the approved methods of AABP and/or AVMA. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Euthanasia techniques following AABP and/or AVMA guidelines ensures euthanasia with minimized pain and suffering. MCAP
Carcass disposal is conducted using the appropriate method. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Carcass disposal in appropriate method ensures further biosecurity and animal health. MCAP
The written herd health plan has a written protocol for euthanasia that includes (1) language specific to areas of euthanasia language specific to specific to criteria used to recognize animals that are to be euthanized (2) language specific to euthanasia method that aligns with the approved methods of AABP and/or AVMA (3) language specific to how carcasses are disposed of using appropriate method Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. A written protocol for euthanasia ensures consistent training to and implementation of the protocol and enhanced animal care. MCAP (all components need to be present within protocol)
Individuals with euthanasia responsibilities have been trained annually on written protocol for euthanasia. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Training individuals with euthanasia responsibilities to a written protocol for euthanasia ensures consistent training to and implementation of the protocol and enhanced animal care. MCAP-Employees; CIP-Family

Corrective Actions

Immediate

Standard Rationale for Standard
The facility complies with the ban on routine tail docking. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions.There is no scientific evidence to support the practice of tail docking.

Mandatory Corrective Action Plan (MCAP)

Standard Rationale for Standard
The written herd health plan is reviewed annually by the Veterinarian of Record. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Veterinarian of Record review of the herd health plan demonstrates active Veterinarian Client Patient Relationship and participation in herd health.
The facility has a written Veterinarian Client Patient Relationship (VCPR) that is signed by the farm owner and Veterinarian of Record annually. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Demonstrates active Veterinarian Client Patient Relationship and participation in herd health and antibiotic stewardship.
All calves are disbudded before 8 weeks of age Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Robust scientific body of work supporting disbudding before 8 weeks of age to minimize pain associated with practice.
Non-ambulatory animals are moved using proper methods including the use of special equipment. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Proper movement of non-ambulatory animals ensures enhanced animal care and health for compromised animals.
Non-ambulatory animals are provided prompt medical care. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Prompt medical care of non-ambulatory animals enhances likelihood of rehabilitation of non-ambulatory animals
Non-ambulatory animals are provided access to feed, water, protection from heat and cold, isolation from other ambulatory animals and protection from predators. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Providing these items to non-ambulatory animals is in best practice to ensure top care for rehabilitation.
Criteria are established for immediate action and a timely decision to euthanize non-ambulatory animals. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Having established criteria for immediate action and timely decision to euthanize makes difficult decisions more objective and minmizes the likelihood of suffering of animals unlikely to rehabilitate.
The written herd health plan has a written protocol for non-ambulatory animal management that includes language specific to areas of non-ambulatory animal management: (1) language specific to husbandry for non-ambulatory animals that provides prompt medical care? (2) language specific to husbandry for non-ambulatory animals that provides prompt medical care, feed, water, protection from heat and cold, isolation from other ambulatory animals, and protection from predators? (3) language specific to criteria established for immediate action and a timely decision to euthanize? Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. A written protocol for non-ambulatory animal management ensures consistent training to and implementation of the protocol and enhanced animal care.
Euthanasia techniques follow the approved methods of AABP and/or AVMA. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Euthanasia techniques following AABP and/or AVMA guidelines ensures euthanasia with minimized pain and suffering.
Carcass disposal is conducted using the appropriate method. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Carcass disposal in appropriate method ensures further biosecurity and animal health.
The written herd health plan has a written protocol for euthanasia that includes (1) language specific to areas of euthanasia language specific to specific to criteria used to recognize animals that are to be euthanized (2) language specific to euthanasia method that aligns with the approved methods of AABP and/or AVMA (3) language specific to how carcasses are disposed of using appropriate method Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. A written protocol for euthanasia ensures consistent training to and implementation of the protocol and enhanced animal care.

Continuous Improvement Plan (CIP)

Standard Rationale for Standard
99% or more of all age classes of animals have a body condition score of 2 or greater on FARM Body Condition Scorecard. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Body condition score is key welfare indicator and demonstrates animals are provided nutritional requirements
95% or more of all age classes of animals do not have broken tails. New proposed standard. Broken tails are key sign of poor stockmanship. With this standard, will assist further identifying potential stockmanship areas for improvement
95% or more of the lactating and dry dairy herd score 2 or less on the FARM Hock/Knee Scorecard. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Hock and Knee score is key welfare indicator and demonstrates animals are provided soft resting area.
95% or more of the lactating and dry dairy herd score 2 or less on the FARM Locomotion Scorecard. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Locomotion score is key welfare indicator and demonstrates lameness is managed effectively.
The facility has permanent, written drug treatment records for the treatment of the facility's common diseases that include: Date of treatment, animal treated identification, name of drug used for treatment, disease/condition being treated, dosage administered, route of administration, frequency of treatment, duration of the treatment, specified withdrawal times for milk and meat to ensure food safety Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Maintaining permanent, written drug treatment records are required by the FDA and ensure enhanced animal health.
The facility's permanent, written drug treatment records are reviewed by the Veterinarian of Record annually. New proposed standard. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Veterinarian of Record review of the drug treatment records demonstrates active Veterinarian Client Patient Relationship and participation in treatment plans for herd health.
The written herd health plan has a written protocol for calf care that includes language specific to areas of newborn and milk-fed dairy calf management: (1) calves (heifers and bulls) receive a volume and quality of colostrum or colostrum replacer within 12 hours after birth, even if immediately transported off of the farm
(2) calves (heifers and bulls) receive a volume and quality of milk or milk replacer to maintain health, growth and vigor until weaned or marketed (3) calves (heifers and bulls) have access to clean, fresh water (4) calves (heifers and bulls) offered fresh, palatable starter feed to maintain health, growth and vigor (5) calves disbudded before 8 weeks of age (6) language specific to pain mitigation provided for disbudding (7) language specific to pain mitigation provided for castration (8) language specific to pain mitigation provided for branding (9) language specific to pain mitigation provided for teat removal
Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. A written protocol for calf care management ensures consistent training to the protocol and enhanced animal health and care and provides opportunity for specific sign off of veterinarian of record for extra label drug use if pain mitigation is perscribed.

Training Accountability Measures | MCAP – Employees CIP – Family

Standard Rationale for Standard
All individuals with animal care responsibilities are trained annually in proper stockmanship. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Employees changed to individuals with animal care responsibilities to capture all individuals interacting with animals have been trained or sought continuing education.
All individuals with animal care responsibilities sign a cow care agreement annually. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Employees changed to individuals with animal care responsibilities all individuals interacting with animals have documented and demonstratable agreement to animal care principles.
Individuals with culling responsibilities have been trained annually on written protocol for culling. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Training individuals with culling responsibilities to a written protocol for culling ensures consistent training to and implementation of the protocol and enhanced milk fitness of animals being culled and potential further reduction of milk and meat residue prevalence.
Individuals with newborn and milk-fed dairy calf management responsibilities have been trained annually on written protocol for newborn and milk-fed dairy calves. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Training individuals with calf care responsibilities to a written protocol for calf care management ensures consistent training to and implementation of the protocol and enhanced animal care.
Individuals with non-ambulatory animal management responsibilities have been trained annually on written protocol for non-ambulatory animal management. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Training individuals with non-ambulatory animal responsibilities to a written protocol for non-ambulatory animal management ensures consistent training to and implementation of the protocol and enhanced animal care.
Individuals with euthanasia responsibilities have been trained annually on written protocol for euthanasia. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Training individuals with euthanasia responsibilities to a written protocol for euthanasia ensures consistent training to and implementation of the protocol and enhanced animal care.

Willful Mistreatment Protocol

Standard Rationale for Standard
All age classes of animals have access to clean, fresh water. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Water is required to maintain animal health and care.
All age classses of animals have access to sufficient quantities of feed for health, growth and maintenance. Maintaining consistency of standard from previous versions. Feed access is required to maintain animal health and care.